The Breed Standard Examined - A Comparison
An Overview                                                                                              Prepared by: A. Bancker, April 1997
                   
Welsh Springer Spaniel
(Std Effect: 08/01/89)
English Springer Spaniel
(Std Effect: 03/31/94)
Brittany
(Std Effect: 05/31/90)
Topline
+ Level.
+ Comments: Level topline refers to the overall appearance, i.e. there is no slope downwards from the withers to the rump. With a correctly arched loin there can not be a true level (flat) topline.
+ Slopes gently from the withers to tail.
+ Slight slope from the highest point of the shoulder to root of tail.
Body
+ Loin slightly arched.
+ Croup slightly rounded.
+ Chest - well developed, muscular.
+ Ribs - well sprung.
+ Brisket reaches to elbows.
+ Rectangular silhouette.
+ Loin - short and slightly arched.
+ Croup slopes gently.
+ Chest - deep with well developed forechest.
+ Ribs fairly long.
+ Body is short-coupled, strong and compact.
+ Loins short, strong. Distance from last rib to upper thigh short, about 3 to 4 finger widths.
+ Back short straight.
+ Slight drop from hips to root of tail.
+ Chest - deep, reaching level of elbows.
+ Neither wide nor rounded.
+ Ribs well sprung.
Tail
+ Extension of the topline.
+ Carriage is horizontal.
+ Generally docked.
+ Comments: The tail may be very slightly elevated when the Welsh is excited - this is not to be confused with a gay tail. There is an emergence of more Welsh with undocked tails - long tails should still be carried on a line with the back and the dog should still use it when moving. The long tail should not flag nor be carried saber-like.
+ Carried horizontally or slightly elevated.
+ Docked.
+ Set on high.
+ Tailless to approx. 4 inches. Natural or docked.
Fore-quarters
+ Shoulder blade and upper arm approx. equal.
+ Upper arm set well back.
+ Forearms medium length.
+ Front legs well boned but not coarse.
+ Pasterns short and slightly sloping.
+ Height to elbow is approx. equal to distance from elbow to top of shoulder blades.
+ Shoulder blades flat and fairly close. Blade and upper arm is of apparent equal length.
+ Front legs set well under body.
+ Forelegs straight with the same degree of size continuing to the foot.
+ Bone is strong, slightly flattened.
+ Pasterns - short, strong, slightly sloping.
+ Shoulder blades - sloping and muscular. Not to wide, about 2 thumbs width.
+ Blade and upper arm form nearly 90 degree angle.
+ Shoulders higher than rump.
+ Front legs. perpendicular, not set too wide.
+ Leg bones clean, graceful, but not too fine.
+ Pasterns slightly sloping.
+ Height at elbow approx. equal distance elbow to withers.
Hind-quarters

+ Strong, muscular.
+ Well boned but not coarse.
+ Thighs in profile are wide.
+ Second thigh is well developed.
+ Moderate bend of stifle.
+ Hocks short, with well angulated hock joint.

+ Hard, muscular.
+ Thighs broad.
+ Stifle joints strong.
+ Hock joints are somewhat rounded.
+ Rear pasterns short.
+ Broad, strong, muscular.
+ Powerful thighs.
+ Stifle - well bent. Not so bent as to place hack joint far out behind dog.
+ Hocks short, perpendicular and firm (when shaken by judge).
Feet
+ Round.
+ Tight and well arched.
+ Thick pads.
+ Dewclaws generally removed.
+ Rear feet - as in front.
+ Round or slightly oval.
+ Compact, well arched.
+ Medium size.
+ Thick pads.
+ Dewclaws generally removed.
+ Rear feet - as in front except smaller and more compact.
+ Halfway between hare and cat foot.
+ Strong.
+ Proportionately smaller than the spaniels.
+ Close fitting, well arched toes.
+ Thick pads.
+ Rear feet - as in front.
Coat
+ Straight, flat.
+ Soft to touch.
+ Not wiry or wavy.
+ Dense.
+ Moderate feathering on chest, forelegs, underside of body, and hind legs above hocks.
+ Excessive coat and barbering is discouraged.
+ Comments: Body coat hairs should also be relatively short.
+ Medium length, flat or wavy.
+ Undercoat is short, soft and dense.
+ Moderate length and heaviness on ears, chest, legs and belly.
+ Excessive feathering and barbering to to be penalized.
+ Flat or wavy.
+ Texture neither wiry nor silky.
+ Dense.
+ Some feathering on front, hind legs.
+ Too little preferable to too much.
+ Long or profuse feathering to be severely penalized as to be eliminated from competition.
+ Skin - fine and fairly loose.
Color
+ Rich red and white.
+ Any pattern.
+ Any white area may be flecked with red ticking.
+ Comments: Shades of red can vary from mahogany to a lighter amber color. The shade of color is not as important as the depth and richness of the color.
+ Black or liver with white markings.
+ Blue or liver roan.
+ Tricolor.
+ Any white portion of the coat may be flecked with ticking.
+ Lemon, red or orange are off colors.
+ Orange or liver and white.
+ Clean or roan pattern.
+ Some ticking desirable.
+ Washed out color not desirable.
+ Black disqualifies.
Gate
+ Smooth, powerful ground covering action.
+ Displays drive from rear.
+ Strong forward stride with a reach that does not waste energy.
+ Long, ground covering stride.
+ Rear driving power.
+ Front legs swing forward in a free and easy manner.
+ Smooth, efficient and ground covering.
+ At trot, hind foot should step into or beyond print left by front foot.
Tem-perament
+ Active dog with affectionate disposition.
+ Not timid or shy.
+ Comments: The Welsh is a merry, active spaniel. He has an amiable disposition and is not argumentative towards people or other dogs.
+ Friendly, eager to please.
+ Tractability.
+ Aggression to people or other dogs not acceptable.
+ Excessive timidity to be penalized.
+ Happy, alert.
+ Neither mean nor shy.
Dis-qualifiers
+ None
+ None
+ Under 17.5 or over 20 inches in height.
+ Black nose.
+ Black in coat.
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